Museum

Although Venice one of the capitals of music, it is missing in the museum of musical instruments that we can find again in Vienna, a Parigi, London ... After a decisive contribution to the production and especially the marketing of a commodity as important and much-needed, Venice still retains many musical instruments which, however, appear to be 'missing' in most museums, often not even enough to not be exposed in public, despite their obvious importance: The collection of Japanese instruments, preserved in the Museum of Oriental Art, is unique in the world; the collection of the Museo Correr Turkish instruments is itself testimony to the fundamental ethnic music; the body of Lorenzo Gusnasco the Correr is one of the fundamental examples of the organ. And these are just a few examples of a widespread and significant presence otherwise.
The Conservatory of Music Benedetto Marcello has in turn a small but important museum, which occupies two exhibition rooms on the mezzanine of Palazzo Pisani, open to the public by appointment. To promote this museum, and waiting to be able to achieve the creation of a museum 'virtual' all funds Venetian, is proposed here the filing of the instruments themselves with its iconographic.
The reconnaissance work and filing of the musical instruments of the Museum of the Academy of Venice was mainly carried out during the academic years 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 by John Toffano. The survey instrument was based on a previous research, called Project Museum - 2008, conducted by Chiara Pancino, Renato Meucci and Stefano Zanus-Fortes, collaboration with Lanfranco Menga.
The Project Museum - 2008 had produced a complete list of musical instruments in the Conservatorio Benedetto Marcello on display in the Museum, accompanied by numerous photos (useful for the study of the individual instrument, but not always suitable for possible publication on catalog), Information from inventory and some draft schedules established in OA format (Opera d'Arte) according to the guidelines of the Special Superintendence for the Heritage, artistic, etnoantropologico and for the Museum of the City of Venice and the municipalities of the lagoon.
The structure of the cards has been supplemented by some information, especially as regards the indication of the measures of the tools, as recommended by Renato Meucci, one of the leading experts on Organology in Italy, in an essay on the classification of musical instruments. More useful elements for the filing were obtained from catalogs of museum collections such as the Museum of Medieval Bologna, the Correr Museum in Venice, Museum of antique pianos Arquà Petrarca.
Each tab shows then normally the type and the name of the instrument, the inventory number, any photo, provenance, the manufacturer, the brand / label, le misure, bibliography and notes.
More difficult was instead the reconstruction of the "historical" of each instrument, because the only data available to, about the origin, the date of entry and the possible dating of instruments, are derived from the records of inventories. These date back to the early years of the Second World War and often do not indicate any date next to the inventory number for each instrument or object. As to the origin, i register, to the inventory number 802, bear the description of "total mobile material donated by the Municipality of Venice". In fact, the Conservatorio Benedetto Marcello was born in 1876 as the Liceo Musicale Benedetto Marcello and Society, becoming the 1896 Civico Liceo Musicale in "Benedetto Marcello", then Civico Liceo Musicale Benedetto Marcello in Pareggiato 1916 up to 1940 when it became the Royal Conservatory of Music. Therefore, for instruments inventoried until number 802, the only thing available about the origin is the donation by the Municipality of Venice in the passage by the municipal to the state.
The data concerning the manufacturers of some tools remained uncertain, in case of missing marks or labels, as well as indications in the records of inventories.
Despite these difficulties, the work carried out has shown that the instrumental heritage of the museum is of great historical and documentary. Of particular note basses, the antique pianos, harps and some woodwind instruments; among these, it includes the oldest piece, a natural horn half of the '600, two oboes Venetian first '800, a flute Venetian also from the same era, a contrabassoon Austrian in the first half of the nineteenth century.
It is therefore considered that there are the minimum elements to allow for on-line publication of the most important examples, with photos and news with synthetic, on the basis of examples of other international museums that offer a virtual gallery of their collections.